sábado, 11 de dezembro de 2010


Estamos chegando perto do Natal, e para entrar no clima, trago para vocês algumas expressões em inglês relacionadas ao natal:

Christmas - Natal
Gift - presente
Santa Claus - Papai Noel (EUA)
Father Christmas - Papai Noel (Inglaterra)
Christmas Eve - Noite de Natal (a véspera)
Christmas Tree - Árvore de Natal
Nativity Scene - presépio
Christmas lights - pisca-pisca
Trimming the three - montando a árvore
Xmas - Natal (abreviatura)
White Christmas - natal com neve (neve, o que é isso mesmo? rs)
Midnight Mass - missa do galo
Reindeers - renas (do Papai Noel)
Turkey - peru
Sleigh - trenó
Christmas dinner - ceia de natal

Christmas Vocabulary in English:
advent- the arrival of someone or something important
Advent- the coming (or second coming) of Jesus Christ; the month leading up to Christmas
angel- a spiritual being acting as a messenger of God (usually shown as a human being with wings)
berry- a small round fruit
Bethlehem- the small town in the Middle East believed to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ
candle- a cylinder of wax with a central wick (like string) which burns to produce light
chimney- a vertical pipe in a house that allows smoke and gases to escape from a fireplace (Father Christmas traditionally enters a house through its chimney)
Christ- the title of Jesus (also used as His name)
Christian- a person who believes in Christianity; also an adjective
Christianity- the religion based on the teachings and person of Jesus Christ
Christmas- the annual Christian festival celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ (Christmas Day is on 25 December)
Christmas cake- a rich fruit cake covered with white icing, eaten at Christmas
Christmas card- a greetings card that people send to friends and family at Christmas
Christmas carol- a religious song or popular hymn that people sing at Christmas
Christmas Day- 25 December, the birthday of Jesus Christ
Christmas Eve- the evening or day before Christmas Day (24 December)
Christmas holidays- the holiday period for about a week before and after Christmas Day
Christmas present- a gift or present given at Christmas
Christmas tree- an evergreen tree (often a spruce) that people decorate with lights and ornaments at Christmas
cracker- a decorated paper tube that makes a sharp noise ("crack!") and releases a small toy when two people pull it apart
decoration- something that adds beauty; ornament
egg-nog- a traditional Christmas drink made of alcohol with beaten eggs and milk
Father Christmas- an imaginary being who brings presents for children on the night before Christmas Day (also known as Santa Claus) - traditionally an old man with a red suit and white beard
fireplace- a partly enclosed space in a house where people light a fire for warmth
frankincense- a gum used for incense, one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus
gold- a yellow precious metal, one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus
holly- an evergreen plant with prickly dark green leaves and red berries
Jesus- the name of Christ, the central figure of Christianity (believed by Christians to be the Son of God)
Joseph- the husband of Mary (the mother of Jesus)
magi- the wise men from the East who brought gifts for the baby Jesus
manger- a trough for food for horses or cattle (used by Mary as a cradle or bed for Jesus)
Mary- the mother of Jesus
mistletoe- a parasitic plant with white berries, traditionally used as a Christmas decoration
myrrh- a gum used for perfume or incense, one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus
nativity- the birth of a person
the Nativity- the birth of Jesus Christ
nativity play- a play that people perform at Christmas based on the birth of Jesus
new year- the start of a year; the period just before and after 1 January
New Year's Day- 1 January
New Year's Eve- 31 December
ornament- an object that adds beauty to something; a decoration
present- a thing given to somebody as a gift.
reindeer- a deer with large antlers found in some cold climates (believed to pull the sleigh for Santa Claus or Father Christmas)
Santa Claus- an imaginary being who brings presents for children on the night before Christmas Day- (also known as Father Christmas) - traditionally an old man with a red suit and white beard (Santa Claus may be based in part on the historical figure of Saint Nicholas.)
shepherd- a person who looks after sheep
sleigh- a sledge or light cart on runners pulled by horses or reindeer over snow and ice
snow- water vapour from the sky that falls as white flakes and covers the ground
star a bright point in the night sky which is a large, distant incandescent body like the sun
the star of Bethlehem- the star that announced the birth of Jesus and guided the wise men to find Him
tinsel- a decoration consisting of thin strips of shiny metal foil, traditionally used at Christmas
turkey- a bird like a large chicken, traditionally eaten at Christmas
white Christmas- a Christmas with snow on the ground
Xmas- abbreviation or informal term for Christmas

Christmas Expressions
•Merry Christmas!
•Happy Christmas
•Happy New Year!
•Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!
•Wishing you a prosperous New Year
•All the best for the coming year
•Seasons Greetings!


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